What is Engineering 2018-01-27T23:41:42+00:00

What is Engineering?

Engineering can be simply defined as applying science to practical applications. Science allows us to gain un understanding of reality, of human nature and of the Universe. Engineering allows this understanding to come to life through problem solving, designing & building things. The electronic device you are using to read this article was engineered from raw plastic, metal, silicon & lines of software code before being transformed into a usable device. Pretty cool hey!

Engineers can be distinguished from other professions by their ability to solve complex problem and implement solutions in cost effective and practical ways. This ability to face a problem, work through various thoughts and abstract ideas and then translating them into reality is what is so exciting about engineering.


Photo credit – Aaron Davis, CC

Consider the following things engineering now allows you to do:

  • Fly through the air whilst sitting comfortably in a chair – commercial aeroplane
  • Heat up a meal in under 5 minutes – microwave
  • Gain access to all of human knowledge instantly – google
  • Check your Facebook profile while on the toilet – mobile phone

What are the common skills engineers use?

Engineers are problem solvers, organisers, communicators, calculators and designers. These skills rely heavily on rational thinking and logical decision making, which is why most engineers come from science and maths backgrounds. Yet despite this fact engineering can be a highly creative activity when complicated problems are involved. The modern engineer is also very software savvy and can use a range of different computing programs to assist in verifying designs and predicting how structures will behave in the environment.

What are the common fields of engineering?

Engineering contains hundreds of fields which is rather confusing. However, all engineering degrees are based on one of or a combination of the 4 major disciplines of Civil, Chemical, Mechanical & Electrical Engineering. Discover the four disciplines of engineering right now!

How Different Engineers Work Together: Building A Tunnel

A civil engineer who specialises in structural design (structural engineer) would calculate the size of the tunnel, how it is to be constructed (all of the stages) and what it is made of (reinforced concrete, etc.). In order to provide clean air and remove as much of the vehicle emissions as possible, a mechanical engineer is employed to design the ventilation system. The mechanical engineer would plan for the amount of emissions that need to removed and the process of removing them (for instance how many of a particular type of fan would be required and where they are to be installed. Don’t forget they also have to figure out where this air flows to). An electrical engineer will design the lighting as well as any control systems for hazard signs. In some cases, specialist disciplines such as environmental engineering are used to conduct an investigation into the sustainability and environmental effects of building such a tunnel.


Photo credit – www.GlynLowe.com, CC

Do Engineers Work As Individuals?

This answer is dependent on the specific project, job and even field that engineers work in. Generally, all engineers work as part of a small or large team. A chemical engineer conducting research and development may spend the majority of their time working independently in a lab performing experiments and writing technical reports. On the other end of the spectrum, a civil engineer in the construction industry may spend the majority of their time on-site, working with foremen and tradesmen to develop buildings or infrastructure.

Is Engineering Boring And Repetitive?

It is inevitable in any job, really, to have to perform dull and mundane tasks. Engineers are required to check calculations (which are vital so nothing explodes or collapses!), read technical papers and write technical reports. The true value found in engineering is the ability to combine all tasks to create something greater (think 1 + 1 = 3!).

Consider that many other professions such as accounting, teaching and even business studies all have their own mundane and repetitive tasks – it’s the ability to create something special like a two-hundred story skyscraper or a car that runs on the invisible force electricity that makes engineering stand out! Engineering provides you with the opportunity to contribute to society and leave a lasting impression on the world – follow in the footsteps of engineers like Thomas Edison whose inventions are still used today!

Want to learn more?

Check out our People of WIE page It contains stories and learning experiences of students & professionals who have improved their lives through engineering.