Houses, roads, drains and other infrastructure.
Earthquake engineering is a specialised field in geotechnical engineering. Earthquakes are simply a series of vibrations in the earth’s crust that potentially causes immense damage above the Earth’s surface. Engineering is applied to the study of earthquakes to protect the environment and people from being harmed. It is achieved by identifying areas that are at risk of earthquakes and by using design and construction techniques to strengthen buildings. Simulation and failure mode analysis helps engineers to design structural elements that can withstand earthquake exposure without major structural damage.
Earthquake engineering is a small niche that provides opportunities in a limited number of countries.