What is Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering is an extremely broad discipline that deals with the improvement and modification of mechanical components (machines) and systems. A machine is an assembly of parts that work together to perform action(s). This discipline of Engineering is heavily based on the principles of physics and maths and their application to the fields of machines, mechanics, fluid dynamics and even heat transfer. Mechanical Engineering covers the design and implementation of these systems.
Mechanical Engineering is also involved with the dynamic motion of machines, fluids, heat and structures among others. A common misconception of Mechanical Engineers is that they are like motor mechanics; however mechanics are only concerned with repairing, assembling and maintaining mechanical components. Mechanical Engineers’ daily tasks can range from the design and calculation of components within a complex system to the planning or supervision of a manufacturing process. Mechanical Engineers utilise computer software for design and simulation. Graduates are capable of designing components by calculating how much force the component can withstand before breaking.
The Mechanical Engineering discipline is a blend of theoretical understanding and practical applications. As much of the modern world is made up of machines and things that move, many industries will always require the services of Mechanical Engineers. Mechanical Engineers also regularly assist other disciplines of Engineering with their own expertise, such as in performing vibration analysis of a bridge designed by a Civil or Structural Engineer. Similarly with Civil Engineers, there are many career options within large companies whilst there is also freelance consulting demand for those with good skills.
Below is a list of the most common industries mechanical engineers work in:
- Commercial and Residential Construction
- Heating and Cooling
- Army / Defence Force
- Nuclear Power
- Manufacturing and Processing