What is Electrical Engineering
Electrical Engineering advances the fields of electricity and electromagnetism. The fundamentals of electricity are electrical charge and the forces (electromagnetism) it generates. An Electrical Engineer harnesses the power of electrical charge to create a practical and safe energy source. Electricity is an integral component of modern society, used for basic living needs as well as communication, entertainment and in businesses. Electrical Engineering focuses on both small and large-scale electricity requirements. Electrical Engineers utilise the principles of electricity (mathematical and physical science) to design power grids, computer circuits, software programs and power supplies.
A significant area of interest for electrical engineers is electricity generation and distribution. On such immense scales, electricity can be extremely dangerous to work with; therefore safety is a great area of concern for engineers. Many of the sub-disciplines of Electrical Engineering are, however, dedicated to the transmission and processing of information. All Electrical Engineers, upon graduation, are equipped with an advanced level of programming skills and are required to undertake practical, hands-on work, when building components such as circuits, motors or generators.
Electrical Engineering is suited to those who have a high attention to detail and enjoy electrical circuit design. The course structure is based on electricity and electromagnetism. The fundamental ability of an Electrical Engineer is to understand how circuits and variables affect the flow and force of electricity. Keep in mind that while Electrical Engineers may build circuits and components on occasion, they are mostly undertaking theoretical design and calculations. Electrical technicians are hands on with a more limited understanding of electrical charge theory. Students who have a knack for computer systems and software programming are best suited to this major. The other major disciplines use computing software, however not to the same level as Electrical Engineering. There also exists opportunities for Electrical Engineers to start their own businesses offering consulting and design services.
Below is a list of the most common industries Electrical Engineers work in.
- Electric Power Generation
- Distribution Companies
- Software Design
- Building Services
- Residential and Commercial Construction
- Renewable Energy
- Heat Transfer