What is Earthquake Engineering
Earthquake Engineering is a specialised field within Geotechnical Engineering. Earthquakes are simply a series of vibrations due movements below the Earth that have the potential to cause immense damage and destruction at the Earth’s surface. Earthquake Engineering is the application of the study of earthquakes and the vibrations generated at the surface in order to protect the built environment and people from being harmed.
In areas that are significant risk of being exposed to earthquakes, a team of Earthquake Engineers are called in to prevent disaster from occurring. Importantly, they make significant use of design and construction techniques to ensure that buildings and infrastructure are able to withstand such considerable damage.
Simulation and failure mode analysis are important tools that help Earthquake Engineers to design structural elements that can withstand earthquake exposure without major structural damage. Earthquake Engineering is a small niche that provides opportunities in a limited number of countries.